(PDF) PHYSICO-CHEMICAL CHARACTERIZATION AND EXTRACTION OF OIL
It is manufactured from plant oils (soybean oil, cottonseed oil, canola oil), recycled cooking greases or oils (e.g., yellow grease), or animal fats (beef tallow, pork lard) etc.Because plants produce oils from sunlight and air, and can do so year after year on crop lands, these oils are renewable.There are many standardized procedures for
Fatty acid profile of pecan nut oils obtained
Keywords: Pecan nut oil, Extraction, Chemical characterization, n-butane, Cold pressing Introduction Oils obtained from pecan nuts are rich in oleic (49–76.5%) and linoleic (13–40%) acids and have small amounts of saturated fatty acids (6–17%) (Miraliakbari and Shahidi 2008 ; Block and Barrera-Arellano 2010 ).
Extraction, Characterization and Testing of Biodiesel
3.1 Extraction Of Oil From Almond Seeds: Almonds (Prunus dulcis) are believed to be the widely spread among tree nuts all over the world. Almond oil could be extracted from the almond seeds, which contain a good percentage of oil. Firstly, almonds were collected. The total weight of the collected almonds was 8 kg.
Production and detailed characterization of bio-oil from fast
Maximum 56 wt% yield of bio-oil was obtained at 550 °C from palm kernel shell. • Two layer of bio-oil was observed up to 500 °C, while it was one layer above 500 °C. • Bio-oil from palm kernel shell provides more than 40% area ratio of phenol in GC–MS analysis. • The calorific value of palm kernel shell bio-oil is higher than other
Pour point depression and flow improvement of waxy crude oil
Pour point depression and flow improvement have also been recently reported in waxy crude oils treated with cashew nut shell liquid and its derivatives, showing that with simple chemical modification, cashew nut shell liquid can be derivatized into effective crude oil flow improvers [16,17,18, 24, 25].
Transesterification of Soybean Oil to Biodiesel over
Synthesis of biodiesel from soybean oil over solid base catalyst was investigated in this paper. In process of catalyst preparation, potassium fluoride was used as alkaline metal salt to load onto γ-Al2O3. Over this basic catalyst, transesterification reactions were carried out to prepare biodiesel using soybean oil and methanol as feedstock. According to experiments, the best reaction
(PDF) Cold press in oil extraction. A review
This study aims to extract oil from fresh sour cherry kernel (Cerasus vulgaris Miller) using the cold press method. The oil content and moisture were obtained as 31.89% and 4%, respectively. The
Shea butter extraction technologies: Current status
Shea butter is a high–value shea nut fat used as an edible oil, antimicrobial and moisturiser in the food, pharmaceutical and cosmetic industries, respectively. The annual worldwide export of shea nut from Africa is 350,000 MT of kernels with a market value of approximately $120 million to producing countries. The multifunctional properties of the shea butter depend strictly on its
Improving Production of Liquid Smoke from Candlenut Shell
Optimum process condition on candlenut shells resulted in maximum gain of liquid smoke by pyrolisis, by applying vapor condensing method using DUC and SUC with running time 1, 1.5, 2, 2.5, 3, 3.5, 4, 4.5, 5, 5.5, and 6 hourly. It is shown in Figure 4, that the best performance of pyrolisis process to achieve maximum quantity of liquid smoke
Effects of Extraction Methods on the Yield and Quality
Percentage yield of oil: From the results , a significant difference (p<0.05) was observed between the solvent extraction method and traditional extraction method in terms of oil yield. The oil yield value for the solvent extraction method (47.5%) was higher than that for the traditional method of extraction (34.1%).
Oxidation and low temperature properties of biofuels obtained
Diesel-like fuels were synthesized by a pyrolysis method using soybean oil (pyrodiesel, PD) and soybean soapstock (SPD), respectively, as starting material. These pyrodiesel samples were compared with soy biodiesel (BD) samples. All these three biofuels (PD, SPD and BD) and their blends with high sulfur (HSD) and low sulfur (LSD) diesel fuels were evaluated by measuring a number of fuel
Detection of Total Aflatoxins in Groundnut and Soybean
Different soybean-based foods, such as soy protein and soy milk, are used as a nutritional source. Also, soybean is used in fermented foods such as soybean paste and soy sauce. Several previous research studies have reported that aflatoxins were detected in soybeans (raw and fermented products) [ 15 ].
Cashew Nut Shell Liquid (CNSL) Based Bio-Derived Resin And
Cashew Nut Shell Liquid (CNSL) is an abundant natural source for synthesizing phenolic compounds. The excellent monomer, Cardanol is isolated from CNSL for polymer production. These are polymerized with aldehydes and acids at a particular mole fraction in the presence of catalysts like alkalis to convert into rigid resins.
Agro-industrial wastes and their utilization using solid
Among the different agro-industrial wastes, two of them, i.e., coconut oil cake and ground nut shell, showed maximum antibiotic production. Supply of external energy sources was used for enhanced production of antibiotic. Oncom production. Oncom is an indigenous fermented product from Indonesia made from several agricultural wastes.
soybean | Description, Products, & Facts | Britannica
The soybean is one of the richest and cheapest sources of protein and is a staple in the diets of people and animals in numerous parts of the world. The seed contains 17 percent oil and 63 percent meal, 50 percent of which is protein. Because soybeans contain no starch, they are a good source of protein for diabetics.
Synergistic Effects of Cardanol- and High Oleic Soybean Oil
High oleic soybean oil-based monomer (HOSBM) was synthesised via one-step transesterification reaction of crude high oleic soybean oil with N-hydroxyethyl acrylamide (HEAA) in the presence of 1.5 wt.% of sodium hydroxide (NaOH) as catalyst. The resulting monomer mixture was purified using 5 wt. % brine solution, dried under a
PRODUCTION OF BIODIESEL THROUGH TRANSESTERIFICATION OF
Table 1.1: Oil species for biodiesel production (Ayhan, 2009) Group Source of oil Major oils Coconut (copra), corn (maize), cottonseed, canola (a variety of rape seed), olive, peanut (groundnut), safflower, sesame, soybean, and sunﬂower. Nut oils Almond, cashew, hazelnut, macadamia, pecan, pistachio and walnut. Other edible oils
Proximate composition, mineral content and antinutritional
Still there is no scientific report about the proximate analysis of seeds and characteristics of oil produced from brebra seed. Objective of this study was to determine proximate and antinutritional characteristics of seeds as well as the physicochemical characteristics of brebra seed oil. Crude oil, protein, fiber, ash, moisture and carbohydrate content of brebra were 48.5 ± 0.99%, 29.7 ± 0
Preparation, Characterization and Engine Performance
 N.R. Banapurmath, P.G. Tewari, V.S. Yaliwal, Kambalimath Satish, Y.H. Basavarajappa, Combustion characteristics of a 4-stroke CI engine operated on Honge oil, Neem and Rice bran oils when directly injected and dual fuelled with producer gas induction, J. Renew.
Castor oil as a potential renewable resource for the
Castor oil is increasingly becoming an important bio-based raw material for industrial applications. The oil is non-edible and can be extracted from castor seeds from the castor plant belonging to the family Euphorbiaceae. The oil is a mixture of saturated and unsaturated fatty acid esters linked to a glycerol. The presence of hydroxyl group, a double bond, carboxylic group and a long chain
Natural bio-based products for wood coating and protection
Cashew nut shell liquid (CNSL) with 30 to 35 wt% oil in composition represents a valuable agro-waste produced from cashew nut shells, being also a significant source of unsaturated phenols, as well as a very promising renewable resource for synthesis of various important industrial chemicals such as paints and varnishes, brake linings, coatings
Influence of Pecan Nut Pretreatment on the Physical Quality
The oil content of pecan nuts is around 70% and rich in unsaturated fatty acids. The method of isolating intact pecan nut oil bodies can promote the application of pecan nut oil bodies and the discussed recovery factors include soaking time and recovery force will give a reference for the oil body isolation from other materials.
Chlorogenic Acid Oxidation and Its Reaction with Sunflower
Sunflower protein extraction following oil extraction and effect on protein quality. The composition of sunflower seed is affected by the sunflower variety: nonoilseed types of sunflower contain more hull (40% to 50%) than oilseed types (20% to 30%) which contain 38% to 50% oil and 20% protein (Sosulski and Fleming 1977; FAO 2010).
How To Make Liquid Soap: A Simplified Process for Natural
Once mixed, add the water/KOH mixture to the oils. Combine by hand to blend the solutions, then start using the stick blender. The mixture will be kind of chunky and want to separate, but don't worry. Blend for about 5 minutes, then walk away. Cover and keep on high for the first 30-60 minutes, then turn to low.
Pili / Canarium ovatum: Philippine Medicinal Herbs
Oil by solvent extraction was low in polyunsaturated fatty acids and high in saturates. Results show the HM (high melting) fraction may have applications as cocoa butter substitute in confectionery products. (9) • Characterization of Proteins of Pili Nut: Analysis of storage proteins of the pili nut showed the aqueous soluble globulin was the
US7074872B2 – Method of modifying components present
Disclosed is a process for modifying cashew nut shell liquid (CNSL) which involves the steps of subjecting the CNSL to ozonolysis to form ozonolysis reaction products, followed by reduction of the ozonolysis reaction products to give a mixture of phenolic components and aldehydes.